by Erik L. Johnson, D.V.M.

     What if there was an almost ubiquitous compound in our fishes' water that could stunt growth?  What if there was a compound that could slow wound healing to the point where you become sure your antibiotic therapy is not working? What's the next parameter to check just when you're sure your "water's just fine" but none of your small fish ever live more than a few weeks?

Defined: What are Nitrates?

              Fish waste -> Ammonia -> Nitrite -> Nitrate.

Causes: When are nitrates a problem?

Symptoms of chronic high level nitrates

Methods of detection:

Special notes concerning high Nitrate levels:

Treatment: Nitrate Control:

Erik L. Johnson, D.V.M.
Find out more at Dr. Johnson's Web site.